Periodontitis as a Multiconnected Biofilm Infection
Posted on 8/22/2022 by Evan
Periodontitis is an infection that has been classified as a multi-concept biofilm infection, alongside other major diseases such as lung cancer, infectious pulmonary diseases, and atherosclerosis. These are multiconnected biofilm infections requiring multiple approaches, including diagnosis and treatment. Here is other helpful information you need to know:
What is Periodontitis?
Periodontitis is an inflammatory disease of the tissues surrounding and supporting the teeth. It involves both the gums and the bone that holds them in place. The destruction of the tissues can result in the loss of teeth.
This condition begins with an accumulation of plaque on the tooth surface. Plaque is a film of bacteria that constantly forms on our teeth. If not removed by flossing and brushing, plaque hardens into tartar (calculus).
Professional or home cleaning using a dentist-approved product such as Waterpik or Water Flosser are available options for removing the tartar. Left untreated, gingivitis may progress to periodontitis, which may lead to, bone loss (attachment loss), gum tissue recession, wisdom tooth impaction or dislocation, and alveolar osteitis (inflammation of the jawbone).
The Relationship Between Periodontitis and Biofilm Infection
The bacteria that cause periodontitis can also produce a sticky biofilm that can attach to dental surfaces. This biofilm acts as a protective covering for the bacteria, making them more resistant to treatment.
Biofilms are difficult to remove from dental materials because they comprise millions of microscopic organisms forming colonies. These colonies are so small that they cannot be seen or removed with typical dental equipment. The only way to remove them is with special techniques or tools designed specifically for this purpose.
How to Manage Periodontitis and Biofilm Infections
The best way to manage periodontitis is by implementing preventive measures. Brush your teeth twice daily using floss and a soft-bristled toothbrush. Also, visit your dentist twice per annum for a professional cleaning, during which your dentist will clean below the gum line and remove any plaque or tartar buildup. If you have diabetes or poor circulation in your hands or feet, keep an eye on these areas for signs of infection (redness, swelling, and pain). If you notice any of these symptoms, see your doctor immediately so they can treat them before it becomes more serious.
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